Cancel anytime. Earl M. Maltz, The Legacy of Griggs v. Duke Power Co.: A Case Study in the Impact of a
Case Summary of Griggs v. Duke Power Co.: A group of African-American employees sued their employer, Duke Power Company, for a policy that mandated a high school diploma and satisfactory scores on two general aptitude tests in order to advance in the company. It concerned the legality, under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, of high school diplomas and intelligence test scores as prerequisites for employment. Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424, was a court case argued before the Supreme Court of the United States on December 14, 1970. Yes. No contracts or commitments. Griggs v. Duke Power Co. Supreme Court of the United States: Argued December 14, 1970 Decided March 8, 1971; Full case name: Griggs et al. GRIGGS v. DUKE POWER CO. Negro employees at respondent's generating plant brought this action, pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, challenging respondent's requirement of a high school diploma or passing of intelligence tests as a condition of employment in or transfer to jobs at the plant. If not, you may need to refresh the page. The Company failed to make that showing here. Argued December 14, 1970. Willie Griggs filed a class action, on behalf of several fellow African- American employees, against his employer Duke Power Company . If you logged out from your Quimbee account, please login and try again. Prior to the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (the Civil Rights Act), 42 U.S.C. Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it. The procedural disposition (e.g. Get Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971), United States Supreme Court, case facts, key issues, and holdings and reasonings online today. The court of appeals rejected the claim that because, in practice, the tests excluded a substantially disproportionate number of black employees, it violated Title VII. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Dept. Document Description: Supreme Court records on Griggs v.Duke Power Company. A group of African-American employees, the petitioners in this case, filed an action in federal district court against the Company. It is generally considered the first case of its type. Therefore, those requirements violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/401/424/case.html. The Civil Rights Act prohibits employers from pursuing policies that appear fair in form, but are discriminatory in operation. The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. Griggs v. Duke Power Co. is an early and important case discussing the need to eradicate not only discriminatory treatment in the workplace, but also race-neutral polices that have a discriminatory impact. 849.

This has worked, but it has caused a multilayered system, with 50 state governments and one federal government all creating and enforcing law. Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971), was a court case argued before the Supreme Court of the United States on December 14, 1970. A number of black employees (plaintiffs) challenged the policy under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. It held that the Act could reach past discrimination, but that because the high school and aptitude test requirements applied to all races, there was no violation of the Act. The Company’s policy led to a disproportionate number of African-Americans being unable to advance to higher-paying positions. The project is focused on the 1971 Griggs vs Duke Power Co. United States Supreme Court Case, in which 13 African-American men from Rockingham County put everything on the line to fight for equality in the workplace. Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 US 424 (1971) was a case of significant importance for civil rights. Black employees were categorically excluded from all but one of Duke’s departments—the labor department, in which the highest paid employee earned less than the lowest paid employee in any other department. Holding Citation401 U.S. 424 (1971) Brief Fact Summary. You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. This website requires JavaScript. The Aftermath of Griggs vs. Duke Power Company Case 1108 Words | 4 Pages. Written and curated by real attorneys at Quimbee. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari. It is generally considered the first case of its type. 13. The Supreme Court’s decision in Griggs v. Duke Power Company, 401 U.S. 424 (1971), addressed the Title VII issues created by employer policies that are facially neutral, but which adversely impact employees on the basis of race, sex, or religion. Griggs v. Duke Power Co. Citation401 U.S. 424 (1971) Brief Fact Summary. ). The aptitude tests were not tied to any specific job-related skills. Please enable JavaScript in your browser settings, or use a different web browser like Google Chrome or Safari. 124. Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971) Griggs v. Duke Power Co. No. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc. Willie S. GRIGGS et al., Petitioners, v. DUKE POWER COMPANY. It found that the high school and testing requirements indeed had a disproportionate negative impact on the African-American employees’ ability to advance. Get Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio, 490 U.S. 642 (1989), United States Supreme Court, case facts, key issues, and holdings and reasonings online today. U.S. Reports: Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971). We revere the law for its ancient traditions; its dazzling intricacy; its relentless, though imperfect, attempt to give order and decency to our world. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Statement of the Facts: Before the Civil Rights Act became effective in 1965, the Duke Power Company in North Carolina openly discriminated against African-American employees by allowing them to only work in the lowest paid division of the Company. law school study materials, including 801 video lessons and 5,200+ CASE REVIEW GRIGGS V. DUKE POWER 2 Introduction Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971) was one of the cases considered as landmark ruling by the Supreme Court. It is generally considered the first case of its type. Decided March 8, 1971. 401 U.S. 424. Quimbee might not work properly for you until you. Following the decision of Griggs v.; Duke Power Company, the first court case to assess affirmative action in employment that made it to the Supreme Court in 1971, states took action to limit the application of affirmative action programs in their jurisdictions. While the Act does not prohibit the use of testing procedures, the testing requirements should not have controlling force unless they are demonstrated to be a reasonable measure of job performance. Griggs v. Duke Power Co. Case Brief. The plant was organized into five operating de-partments: (1) Labor, (2) Coal Handling, (3) Opera-tions, (4) Maintenance, and (5) Laboratory and Test. practice questions in 1L, 2L, & 3L subjects, as well as 16,500+ case Document Title: Griggs v.Duke Power Company: Brief for Petitioner. A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section; A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and. Griggs v. Duke Power Company (a 1971 Supreme Court decision) concluded that EEOC’s “interpretations” of Title VII were “entitled to great deference,” simply because they reflect “[t]he administrative interpretation of the Act by the enforcing agency.” The Court held that even race-neutral policies that may show no discriminatory intent, still may be discriminatory in operation. Author: n/a Publication Year: 1970 Publication: Supreme Court Insight ProQuest Product: Supreme Court Insight Source Institution: Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. It concerned employment discrimination and the adverse impact theory, and was decided on March 8, 1971. briefs keyed to 223 law school casebooks. 257, 11-1a What Is Value? GRIGGS v. DUKE POWER CO.(1971) No. 401 U.S. 424. Prior history: Reversed in part, 420 F.2d 1225. Congress’ objective in enacting Title VII of the Civil Rights Act was equality of employment opportunities and the removal of barriers that previously favored white employees. CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT Syllabus Both the district court and court of appeals held that Duke’s policies reflected no discriminatory purpose and had been applied equally to black and white employees. § 2000e et seq., Duke Power Co. (Duke) (defendant) maintained a policy of open discrimination against black employees. v. Duke Power Co. After 1965, the Company required a high school diploma and satisfactory scores on two professionally prepared aptitude tests for employees to advance to higher divisions. Does the Civil Rights Act prohibit an employer from requiring a high school diploma and satisfactory scores on two aptitude tests for job advancement when the tests (i) are not specifically related to job performance and (ii) disqualify African-American employees at a higher rate than white employees? You can try any plan risk-free for 7 days. Therefore, the Company’s requirements violate the Act. Beginning on July 2, 1965, the date on which the Civil Rights Act went in to effect, Duke added additional requirements. The tests purportedly measured general intelligence but had no relation to job-performance ability. To be placed in any department other than labor or to be transferred to any inside department, Duke required passage of two aptitude tests in addition to the high school degree requirement. Griggs v. Duke Power Co Brief . Following is the case brief for Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971). Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school. 28 L.Ed.2d 158. In Griggs v. Duke Power (1971), the Supreme Court ruled that, under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, tests measuring intelligence could not be used in hiring and firing decisions. You can try any plan risk-free for 30 days. Subsequent history: 420 F.2d 1225, reversed in part. Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, granted. The U.S. Supreme Court disagreed. The court's ruling in their favor changed the progress of the Civil Rights movement forever. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee. The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed in part. The lower courts found no violation of Title VII of the. Specifically in Griggs v. Duke Power Co. (1977), Willie Griggs, on behalf of African-Americans, filed a class action against Duke Power Company because workers were required to pass two separate aptitude tests in addition to having a high school education. The holding and reasoning section includes: v1511 - c62a5f3a171bd33c7dd4f193cca3b7247e5f24f7 - 2020-12-23T20:19:25Z. No contracts or commitments. Author: n/a Publication Year: 1970 Publication: Supreme Court Insight ProQuest Product: Supreme Court Insight Source Institution: Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Read more about Quimbee. Star Athletica, L.L.C. The District Court held that the Company’s overt racial discrimination ceased when the Civil Rights Act became effective. They alleged that the high school and testing requirements violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Alfred W. Blumrosen, The Legacy of Griggs: Social Progress and Subjective Judgments, 63 CHI.-KENT L. REV. Document Title: Griggs v.Duke Power Company: Brief for Respondent. Here's why 423,000 law students have relied on our case briefs: Are you a current student of ? Read our student testimonials. United States Supreme Court. The court established a legal precedent for "disparate impact" lawsuits in which criteria unfairly burdens a … You will be quizzed on key facts regarding Griggs v. It concerned employment discrimination and the adverse impact theory, and was decided on March 8, 1971. Indeed, the result of those requirements merely worked to keep African-American employees from advancing out of the lowest paid division in the Company. Griggs v. Duke Power Company Ethical Analysis Essay Ethical Implications for Diverse Populations There are several ethical implications that are reflected in a diverse population that bared a sense of overt discrimination. GRIGGS v. DUKE POWER CO. 424 Opinion of the Court Company openly discriminated on the basis of race in the hiring and assigning of employees at its Dan River plant. 14. Accordingly, employer policies that appear race neutral but result in keeping a status quo that continues to discriminate against African-American employees violates the Act. You're using an unsupported browser. Written and curated by real attorneys at Quimbee. The plaintiffs petitioned for review by the United States Supreme Court.

student in analyzing the issue. In this case, the high school requirement and the general aptitude tests did not have a demonstrated relationship to on-the-job success at the Company. In 1955, Duke began requiring a high school degree for placement in any department other than labor and for transfer to any of the more desirable departments. It concerned employment discrimination and the adverse impact theory, and was decided on March 8, 1971. Case Summary of Griggs v. Duke Power Co.: Before the Civil Rights Act became effective in 1965, the Duke Power Company in North Carolina openly discriminated against African-American employees by allowing them to only work in the lowest paid division of the Company. It found that because the Act was prospective, no relief could be granted to petitioners. Willie Griggs, an employee at Duke Power Company, filed a lawsuit for discrimination because of methods the company used to evaluate its employees. Griggs challenged Duke's "inside" transfer policy, requiring employees who want to work in all but the company's lowest paying Labor Department to register a minimum score on two separate aptitude tests in addition to having a high school education. View Document. Griggs v Duke Power Co, 401 US 424 (1971), was a court case argued before the Supreme Court of the United States on December 14, 1970. Then click here. Examples of Griggs v. Duke Power Company in the following topics: State Initiatives Against Affirmative Action. Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. Griggs v. Duke Power Co. is an early and important case discussing the need to eradicate not only discriminatory treatment in the workplace, but also race-neutral polices that have a discriminatory impact. Decided March 8, 1971. The operation could not be completed. THE CRUSADE FOR EQUALITY IN THE WORKPLACE: THE GRIGGS V. DuKE POWER STORY 329 n.10 (Stephen L. Wasby ed., 2014). 124 Argued: December 14, 1970 Decided: March 8, 1971. of Health. Document Description: Supreme Court records on Griggs v.Duke Power Company. No. 1, 1 (1987). 124. Cancel anytime. v. Varsity Brands, Inc. A group of African-American employees sued their employer, Duke Power Company, for a policy that mandated a high school diploma and satisfactory scores on two general aptitude tests in order to advance in the company. The court ruled unanimously against the intelligence testing practices of the Duke Power Company. 91 S.Ct. The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. Become a member and get unlimited access to our massive library of View Document. Griggs v. Duke Power Company was a case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1971. Argued Dec. 14, 1970. The judgment of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals is reversed. 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