Cats can be poisoned from common household foods, including onions, tomatoes, macadamia nuts, chocolate, garlic, and chives. Modern Veterinary Practice 64 (6), 477-478 VetMedResource. The toxic factor of onions is caused by the presence of the chemical N-propyl disulfide, to which felines are especially affected, even more so than canines. One-half of one percent (0.5%) of a pet’s body weight in ingested onions is sufficient to cause toxicity. If the poisoning is severe, immediate intravenous administration of calcium gluconate or oral administration of magnesium hydroxide or milk will be necessary; these substances will link themselves with the ions of fluorine. According to the ASPCA, onions are of high toxicity to cats, along with dogs and horses. That equates to just 2.5 ounces of onion in a 30-pound dog. Robertson JE, Christopher MM, Rogers QR. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. A sugar substitute that harms cats and dogs. In: Natural toxicants in feeds, forages, and poisonous plants, 2nd ed. Clinical Signs: Vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia, Heinz body … Feline Pract 11 (1), 22-27 VetMedResource. Danville, Ill: Interstate Publishers, 1998;305-306. While rarely deadly, just one bite into glow sticks can cause your cat to drool profusely. ... Keep the fruit bowl away from your cat to stay safe. Onions themselves aren't the only things that are potentially poisonous to felines. Animal Poison Control; Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants; Onion. This means the signs are general ones such as vomiting, diarrhoea, tremors, or seizures, and it’s not possible to reach a definitive diagnosis as to which poison has been taken (or even if poisoning is the cause of the symptoms.) Most of the symptoms of poisoning are ‘non-specific’. Onion poisoning in cats. Smith C H & Ellison R S (1986) Concurrent onion poisoning and haematuria in a dog. Second, when a cat develops sudden onset signs of illness, with no obvious cause. The symptoms of fluorine poisoning in cats are gastroenteritis, nervous signs, increase of heart rate and even death. If your cat has ingested a substantial amount of onion, you shouldn’t wait for the symptoms to occur. Kay J M (1983) Onion toxicity in a dog. Kobayashi K (1981) Onion poisoning in a cat. Heinz body formation in cats fed baby food containing onion powder. Signs of poisoning in cats that have ingested painkillers include difficulty breathing, pale blue gums and swelling of the paws and face. Cats are attracted to them, but they contain a very bitter tasting liquid called dibutyl phthalate. The list of possible signs of poisoning in cats is very long, depending on the mode of action of the poison. Onions and garlic and other members of the allium family of vegetables. Other sources of information Symptoms of Poisoning in Cats. Toxic Principles: N-propyl disulfide. Family: Liliaceae. Eating garbage or feeding food which is out of date, improperly stored or improperly handled. Cheeke PR. Allium species poisoning in dogs and cats. Other common sources of poison to cats include: Gum and candy that contain xylitol. 3. Vet Med 2005;100:562-566. Onion poisoning of livestock. 4. It’s best to bring it to the vet immediately to arrest the poisoning right away. While most cases aren’t life-threatening in healthy adult cats, kittens, senior cats and cats, who are immunocompromised are at higher risk. Cats and Japanese dog breeds (Shiba Inu, Akita) tend to have an even greater sensitivity to onion poisoning because of an inherited, non-fatal defect in red blood cell formation. Food poisoning is another common cause of poisoning in cats. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. N Z Vet J 34 (5), 77-78 PubMed. In general, there are two occasions when cat carers should suspect poisoning. First, when a cat has had known contact with a specific poison of some kind. 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